Quantum Initial Conditions for Curved Inflating Universes


We discuss the challenges of motivating, constructing, and quantising a canonically-normalised inflationary perturbation in spatially curved universes. We show that this has historically proved challenging due to the interaction of non-adiabaticity with spatial curvature. We propose a novel curvature perturbation construction which is canonically normalised, in the sense of its equation of motion, unique up to a single scalar parameter. With this construction it becomes possible to set initial conditions invariant under canonical transformations, overcoming known ambiguities in the literature. This corrected quantisation has potentially observational consequences via modifications to the primordial power spectrum at large angular scales, as well as theoretical implications for quantisation procedures in curved cosmologies filled with a scalar field.

Mary Letey
Mary Letey
PhD Student in Applied Mathematics

Mathematician interested in complex systems, physics, and geometry!